Jim Corbett National Park is a National Park of India. It is situated in the foothills of North Himalayas in Nanital district of Uttarakhand. Jim Corbett park is oldest national park in India which is established in 1936 as Hailey National Park after the independence the park was named as Ramganga National Park but later in 1956 it was renamed as Jim Corbett. It is one of the Wildlife Sanctuary in India. The park contains 488 different speciesof plant and wide variety of wild life including Tiger, Elephant, Chital, Sambhar deer, Nilgai, Gharial, King cobra, Muntjac, Wild boar, Hedgehog, Common musk shrew, Flying fox, Indian pangolin and around 600 species of bird. This wildlife areas has a tiger population around 160, which makes this park as the last and the most important bastion of this endangered species in India. Corbett park’s 1318.54 sq km of virgin forest and jungles are home to numerous other species of fauna. The rich biodiversity of the park is a perfect place for bird enthusiasts, the area is considered one of the best bird-watching areas in India, with some 600 species having been sighted in the park.
Main flora in the Corbett National Park: The main vegetation found at Corbett Park is Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula and bamboo.
Rivers at Corbett National Park: For the survival water is a crucial factor. The Ramganga river forms the most prominent hydrological resource, supplemented by tributaries, most prominent of which are the Sonanadi, Mandal and Palain rivers. The river Kosi runs proximate to the Park and is also a significant water resource for nearby areas. Wildlife is dependent on rivers, more so in the dry season, for they provide drinking waters and also forms home to several key aquatic species.
Wildlife at Corbett National Park: The Corbett National Park is very rich in wildlife, the major wildlife found in Corbett park Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.
Birds at Corbett National Park: At Corbett National Park more than 600 species and subspecies of birds are found, the major birds are Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, redstartandgull.
Reptiles at Corbett National Park: The most found reptiles are Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard. The fishes found here are golden mahsheer fish and Goonch Catfish.
Total Area of the Corbett National Park: 1,288.32 sq. km
Corbett National Park : 520.82 sq. km
Reserve Forest at the Corbett Park: 466.32 sq. km
Altitude of the Corbett Park: 400 mt:1200 mt
Best time to visit Corbett National Park:- Winter: November to February, Summer: March to June, Monsoon: July to October.
How to Reach Corbett National Park:- Jim Corbett national park is well connected by road and train services from the major cities. One can reach here by train from delhi and at the same time there is regular bus services from jaipur, agra, dehradun, rishikesh, haridwar apart from delhi, gurgaon, Noida, faridabad and other major cities.