Arogyakeralam is website for economic and social development. Arogya Keralam Recognizing the importance of Health in the process of economic and social development and improving the quality of life of our citizens, the Government of India has launched the National Rural Health Mission to carry out necessary architectural correction in the basic health care delivery system.
The Mission adopts a synergistic approach by relating health to determinants of good health viz. segments of nutrition, sanitation, hygiene and safe drinking water. It also aims at mainstreaming the Indian systems of medicine to facilitate health care. The Plan of Action includes increasing public expenditure on health, reducing regional imbalance in health infrastructure, pooling resources, integration of organizational structures, optimization of health manpower, decentralization and district management of health programmes, community participation and ownership of assets, induction of management and financial personnel into district health system, and operationalizing community health centers into functional hospitals meeting Indian Public Health Standards in each Block of the Country. The Goal of the Mission is to improve the availability of and access to quality health care by people, especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women and children.
The objective of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is to provide accessible, affordable, accountable, effective and reliable health care, especially to the poor and the vulnerable sections of the population in rural areas. It aims also at achieving health indicators like Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR), and Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to acceptable levels within the 7 year (2005-2012) period of the Mission. NRHM provides an overarching umbrella, subsuming the existing programs of the Ministry.
The Mission is an articulation of the commitment of the Government to increase the outlays for health from 0.9% to 2-3% of GDP over the next five years and to undertake systemic correction of the health system to effectively utilize such increased outlays for sustainable outcomes. In order to achieve the goals of the Mission, Public Health System has to be made fully functional and accountable to the community.
The plan of action of the Mission aims at reducing regional imbalances in health outcomes by relating health to determinants of good health viz. sanitation, nutrition and safe drinking water, pooling resources, integration of organizational structures, optimization of health manpower, including Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH), decentralization and district management of health program, community participation and ownership of assets, induction of management and finance personnel into the district health system, and operational zing effective referral hospital care at CHC level as per the Indian Public Health Standards.