India toady successfully tested its nuclear capable surface-to-surface Agni I missile from a test range in Orissa. Agni I missile with better re-entry technology was fired by the armed forces from a mobile launcher at the launching complex – IV of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Wheeler’s Island at about 10.10am.
Agni-I has a strike range of 700-900 kms. Compared to its longer-range cousins, Agni’s height is just 15 metres and diameter is one meter. Agni I is powered by both solid and liquid propellants, which imparts it a speed of 2.5 km per second.
The missile, which can strike a target 700 km away, was tested by army personnel as part of user-trials from a facility on Wheeler Island in the district of Bhadrak, about 200 km from here, director of the test range S.P. Dash told IANS.
Weighing 12 tonnes, the 15 metre tall Agni-1 can carry payloads weighing up to one tonne. The surface-to-surface, single-stage missile is powered by solid propellants. The missile can carry a one ton nuclear payload to most targets in Pakistan without having to be deployed at the borders.This last factor makes it less vulnerable to counter-strikes as compared to the Prithvi series of surface-to-surface missiles, which have a maximum range of 350km.
The Agni-1 is both road and rail mobile.